lock Open Access lock Peer-Reviewed




The role of lung biopsy in the decision-making process for congenital heart disease

Solange BordignonI; Marizele E MolonI; Renato A. K KalilI; Fernando A LuccheseI; Paulo R PratesI; João Ricardo M Sant'AnnaI; Ivo A NesrallaI

DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76381992000400004

Full text available only in portuguese PDF format.


1. FRIED, R.; FALKOVSKI, G.; NEWBURGER, J.; GORCHAKOVA, A. I.; RABINOVITCH, M.; GORDONOVA, M. I.; FYLER, D.; REID, L.; BURAKOVSKY, V. - Pulmonary arterial changes in patients with ventricular septal defects and severe pulmonary hipertensión. Ped. Cardiol., 7: 147-154, 1986.

2. HEATH, D. & EDWARDS, J. E. - The pathology of hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease: a description of six grades of structural changes in the pulmonary arteries with special reference to congenital cardiac septal defects. Circulation, 18: 533-547, 1958. [MedLine]

3. HEATH, D.; HELMOORTZ Jr., H. F.; BURCHELL, H. B.; DUSHANE, J. W.; EDWARDS, J. E. - Graded pulmonary vascular changes and hemodynamic findings in cases ao atrial and ventricular septal defect and patent ductus arterious. Circulation, 18: 1155-1166, 1958. [MedLine]

4. HEATH, D.; HELMHOLZ Jr., H. F.; BURCHELL, H. B.; DUSHANE, J. W.; KIRKLIN, J. W.; EDWARDS, J. E. - Relation between structural changes in the small pulmonary arteries and the immediate reversibility of pulmonary hypertension following closure of ventricular and atrial septal defect. Circulation, 1167-1174, 1958. [MedLine]

5. HAWORTH, S. G. - Understanding pulmonary vascular disease in young children. Internat. J. Cardiol., 15: 101-103, 1987.

6. HAWORTH, S. G.; RADLEY-SMITH, R.; YACOUB, M. - Lung biopsy findings in transposition of the great arteries with ventricular septal defect: potentially reverseble pulmonary vascular disease is not always synonymous with operability. J. Am. College Cardiol., 9: 327-333, 1987.

7. HAWORTH, S. G. & REID, L. - A morphometric study of regional variation in lung structure in infants with pulmonary hypertension and congenital cardiac defect a justification of lung piospy. Br. Heart J., 40: 825-831, 1978. [MedLine]

8. KALIL, R. A. K.; COUTINHO, L. ; LUCCHESE, F. A.; PRATES, P. R.; SANT'ANNA, J. R.; PEREIRA, E.; NESRALLA, I. A.; CARDOSO, C. R. - Biópsia pulmonar para avaliação da doença vascular secundária às cardiopatias congênitas. Arq. Bras. Cardiol., 41: 199-204, 1983.

9. MARCELLETTI, G.; WAGENVOORT, C. A.; LOSE KOOT, T. G.; BECKER, A. E. - Paliative Mustard or Rastelli operation in complete transportation of the great arteries: option decided by lung biopsy. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 77: 677-682, 1979.

10. RABINOVITCH, M.; CASTANEDA, A. R.; REID, L. - Lung biopsy with frozen section as a diagnostic aid in patients with congenital heart defects. Am. J. Cardiol., 47: 77-83, 1981.

11. WAGENVOORT, C. A. - Lung biopsy specimens in the evaluation of pulmonary vascular disease. Chest, 77: 614-621, 1980.

12. WAGENVOORT, C. A.; NAUTA, J.; VAN DER SCHAAR, P. J.; WEEDA, H. W. K; WAGENVOORT, N. - Effect of flow and pressure on pulmonary vessels: semi quantitative study based on lung biopsies. Circulation, 25: 1028-1037, 1967.

13. WILSON, N. J.; SEAR, M. D.; TAYLOR, G. P.; LE-BLANC, J. E.; SANDOR, G. G. S. - The clinical valve and risks of lung biopsy in children with congenital heart disease. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 99: 460-468, 1990. [MedLine]

14. YAMAKI, S.; MOHRI, H.; HANEDA, K.; ENDO, M.; AKIMOTO, H. - Indications for surgery based on lung biopsy in cases of ventricular septal defect and/or patent ductus arteriosus with severe pulmonary hypertension. Chest, 96: 31-39, 1989. [MedLine]

CCBY All scientific articles published at are licensed under a Creative Commons license


All rights reserved 2017 / © 2019 Brazilian Society of Cardiovascular Surgery DEVELOPMENT BY