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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

New delivery system for pediatric blood cardioplegia

Pedro R SalernoI; Magaly Santos ArraesI; Marcelo B JateneI; Fábio B JanteneI; Paulo ChaccurII; Jarbas J DinkhuysenII; Camilo Abdulmassih NetoII; Antoninho S ArnoniIII; Paulo P PaulistaIII; Adib D JateneI; Luiz Carlos Bento de SouzaI

DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76381995000300006

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to present a simple Delivery System of Blood Cardioplegia for myocardial preservation during congenital cardiac operation. We prospectively analysed 71 patients (pts) with 10/12 kg of body mean weight, 34 were female and mean age was 2/1 years. From the arterial line, passing through a mini heat exchanger, blood at 8 C is aspirated to a 50 cc syringe, which is conected to a 10 cc syringe with a KCL + decimal solución using 2 stopcocks. The mixture originates a cold blood with 15 mEq/l of KCL + that is infused into the aortic root, according to the pts weight (10 cc/kg). In all pts cardiac arrest was obtained. The mean extracorporeal circulation time and crossclamping was 87.2 and 60.7 min. All pts recovered sinus rhythm with good ventricular function. Thirteen patients died, 6 with respiratory failure, 3 with low cardiac output, 2 with dysrhythmias, 1 with renal failure and 1 with hematologic disorder; the other 58 patients left the hospital with no complications. In conclusion, this method showed good results with efficient myocardial preservation and low morbi-mortality.

RESUMO

O objetivo do presente estudo é apresentar um sistema de cardioplegia sangüínea para cirurgia de cardiopatia congênita. Foram analisados, prospectivamente, 71 pacientes com 10.12 kg em média, 34 eram do sexo feminino e a idade média foi de 2,1 anos. Da linha arterial, passando por um trocador de calor, aspiramos para uma seringa de 50 cc sangue a 8ºc, a qual é conectada a outra seringa de 10 cc com uma solução decimal de potássio, através de duas torneirinhas. A mistura da solução decimal (3 ml) com 47 ml de sangue a 8o C origina uma solução de sangue com 15 meq/1 de potássio. Esta solução é infundida na raiz da aorta, de acordo com o peso do paciente (10 cc/kg). Em todos obtivemos parada cardioplégica. O tempo médio de extracorpórea foi de 87,2 minutos e de pinçamento aórtico, de 60,7 minutos. Treze pacientes evoluíram para óbito, 6 por falência miocárdica, 3 por síndrome de baixo débito, 2 com arritmia, 1 com falência renal e 1 com coagulopatia. Os 58 demais pacientes receberam alta hospitalar sem complicações. Em conclusão, este método mostrou ser eficiente na preservação miocárdica e com baixa morbi-mortalidade.
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